Federal taxes are progressive taxes, meaning you start getting taxed at a low rate, then, as you earn more money, the additional money you earn is taxed at a higher rate. The way the calculation works, everyone pays the same . . . .
The Standard Deduction is the amount every taxpayer can deduct from their income, and with the changes to the tax law, more taxpayers than ever will now be taking the Standard Deduction. A lesser known fact about the Standard Deduction, however, is it can be increased for those over age 65 or who are blind.